Scientific group “Optoelectronic and microwave remote sensing devices”
Modern technologies involve the creation, development, and improvement of means for remote determination of parameters of the ground and airborne unmanned vehicles. Airborne vehicles monitor important urban industrial facilities, highways for traffic jams, the state of housing and communal services, deliver mail and parcels, and participate in servicing the tourism sector. At the same time, flying BTS can also pose a threat to the normal functioning of objects of the national economy, to counter which it is required to determine the parameters of unmanned aerial vehicles. Ground-based vehicles, mainly vehicles, use radars to automatically control the distance between vehicles, cross-traffic warnings, assist with lane changes, parking, and detect obstacles, pedestrians, and blind spots. In addition, radars are used by traffic police to ensure traffic safety using administrative measures.
Among the remotely determined parameters of the ground and flying vehicles, the most important are: range, radial speed, the direction of movement, effective dispersion area, azimuth, and elevation. Various methods can be used to determine the location and radial velocity of objects: ultrasonic, optical lidar, use of video cameras, and microwave. The first three listed principles have a significant drawback is a strong dependence on weather conditions (precipitation, fog), have a small detectable range to the object (ultrasonic and video camera), and have a high cost (optical lidar). To a certain extent, these methods complement each other, but for these reasons, the microwave radar method is widely recognized as the preferred method.
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